Synthetic or Natural

Normally I try to use natural products instead of synthetic, but when I learned about the benefits of the fibracell synthetic reeds for musical instruments, I had to admit that I was intrigued. I do worry about the environment impact of synthetic products, but I have to admit that the description of the benefits of using these reeds makes a very convincing case to try them because of their durability. I’d like to learn more about the manufacturing process.

Ironing is SUCH a Joyless Chore!

Ironing (free clip art)

Ironing (free clip art)

Most of the time I can put off ironing. I hate this chore! I find ironing completely boring. The only way I can bear to do it is to put the ironing board in front of the TV and watch a funny show for an hour or two while I get the ironing done.

When I was a little girl, that was my assigned weekly chore. I did get an allowance for doing the household ironing, but it did not seem like enough money for the hours and hours that I had to spend ironing all the clothes.

Most of my clothes do not need ironing, as I try to not buy anything that will need ironing. But some of the nice clothes for work do require ironing and taking them to the dry cleaner gets way too expensive to do that every week. So, I keep a basket of clothes that need ironing, and I try to save them up until there is enough to spend a couple of hours one night while watching TV.

I love YouTube

One of the things I really love about YouTube is how often it helps me to learn about things that I would never have learned! For example, this video I’m sharing below, demonstrates how a
pog changes the sounds a guitar makes! How cool is that! I have often wondered how musicians can create so many different sounds with their instruments, and I think it is really interesting to see, and hear, the answer to that question!

The Differences between English and Scottish Law & Order

gavel (free clip art)

Civil law vs. common law

In civil law systems there are codes and statutes to cover all eventualities, and a judge simply has to apply the law to the case in hand, whereas in common law systems there are statutes. However, judicial rulings and precedents are the most important source of the law.

Civil law systems have all been influenced to some extent by Roman law, and it is estimated that they exist in approximately 150 countries around the world. Common law derives from English law, and is estimated to be the system in approximately 80 countries. Common law developed after the different regions of England began to unite following the Norman Conquest, by drawing on customs across the country and rulings by monarchs.

The development of Scottish law

Scotland operates a mixed system, combining elements of both approaches. Remember, prior to the Union of Crowns in 1603, Scotland was a completely separate country, which developed its own legal system. After the Union of Parliaments in 1707, English laws began to blend with Scottish laws.

The two countries became increasingly intertwined, until the Scotland Acts of 1998 and 2012, which devolved powers away from London.

Devolved matters include:

·         agriculture, forestry, and fishing

·         education and training

·         environment

·         health and social services

·         housing

·         law and order

·         local government

·         sports and the arts

·         tourism and economic development

·         many aspects of transport

Reserved matters include:

·         benefits and social security

·         broadcasting

·         consumer rights

·         the Constitution

·         data protection

·         defence

·         employment

·         foreign policy

·         immigration

·         nuclear energy, oil, coal, gas, and electricity

·         trade and industry

In terms of the law, this means that the main areas of difference between Scotland, and England and Wales are:

·         criminal law

·         evidence law

·         family law

·         inheritance law

·         property law

·         trust law

The main areas of similarity are:

·         commercial law

·         consumer rights

·         employment law

·         health and safety regulations

·         taxation

Criminal courts

Scottish law, then, is not completely alien, and much of the differences are in terminology, at least as far as the layman is concerned. In England there is the Director of Public Prosecutions, and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS); the nearest equivalent in Scotland is the Crown Office, and the Procurator Fiscal Service.

Scottish criminal cases are referred to as either ‘solemn’, meaning that they are held before a judge and a jury, or they are ‘summary’, meaning that they are held only before a judge. Indeed, you may have heard the expression “summary judgement” which in England refers to a judgement given on a full case, or on discrete parts of a case, by a court, without a full trial.


Another difference in the Scottish legal system is the existence of Sheriffdoms, which act as regional criminal court jurisdictions. There are six: Glasgow and Strathkelvin; Grampian, Highlands, and Islands; Lothian and Borders; North Strathclyde; South Strathclyde, Dumfries, and Galloway; Tayside Central and Fife.

If you need legal advice, particularly if it to do with a case that is taking place in Scotland, the Free Legal Advice Centre may be able to help you.